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Saturday, 15 November 2008

Thomas Chalmers East Neuk of Fife Scotland

Thomas Chalmers, (1780-1847). Divine. He was born on 17th March 1780 in Anstruther, Fife, and was educated at the University of St Andrews. He became minister of Kilmany in Fife in 1803 but transferred to Glasgow in 1815 at a time when he was building his reputation as a powerful and persuasive preacher. In 1823 he returned to St Andrews as Professor of Moral Philosphy and in 1828 he became Professor of Divinity at Edinburgh. Between 1833 and 1843 Chalmers was involved in the conflicts between Church and State over the appointment of ministers; following THE disruption of 1843 he became the first Moderator of the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland and the principal of its theological college. A committed and internationally known philanthropist, Chalmers devoted much of his life to the problems caused by poverty in industrial areas. His chief works were devoted to theology, political economy and scientific development, of which the most lasting are A Series of Discourses (1817) and On Political Economy (1832). After his death, on 30 May 1847, his works were collected and published in 34 volumes and a memoir of his life by William Hanna appeared in four volumes between 1845 and 1852.

Works: An Enquiry into the Extent and Stability of National Resources (1808); The Evidence and Authority of the Christian Revelation (1814); The Influence of Bible Societies (1814); The Duty of Giving an Immediate Diligence to the Business of Christian Life(1815); Thoughts on Universal Peace (1816); The Utility of Missions Ascertained by Experience (1816); Scripture References (1817); A Series of Discourses on Christian Revelation (1817); A Doctrine of Christian Charity (1818); The Application of Christianity (1820); The Doctrine of the Eleventh Article (1820); The Importance of Civil Government to Society (1820); The Christian and Civic Economy of Large Towns (1821); On the Advantages of Local Parish Schools (1824); A Few Thoughts on the Abolition of Colonial Slavery (1826); On Cruelty to Animals (1826); The Effect of Man's Wrath (1827); On the Use and Abuse of Literary and Ecclesiastical Endowments (1827); On Political Economy (1832); On the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God (1833); Churches and Chapels (1834); On the Evils which the Established Church has suffered in Edinburgh (1835); The Right Ecclesiastical Economy of a Large Town (1835); Church Establishments Defended (1837); A Conference with Certain Ministers and Elders (1837); The Consequences of Sowing to the Flesh (1837); Five Lectures on Predestination (1837); Lectures on the Epistle of Paul the Apostle (1837); The Messiah's Duty Considered (1837); Lectures on the Establishment and Extension of the National Church (1838); What ought the Church and the People of Scotland to do now? (1840); On the Sufficiency of the Parochial System (1841); Address Delivered at the first General Assembly of the Free Church (1843); On the Economics of the Free Church of Scotland (1845); On the Evangelical Alliance (1846); The Efficacy of Prayer(1849); Horae biblicae quotidianae (1853); Select Sermons (1859); The Reign of Grace (1865); Modem Science and the Bible (1872).

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